The Golden West Hotel
Welcome to the online version of the historical exhibit installed on Central City Concern’s Golden West Building. This permanent exterior exhibit, installed in 2009, tells a social and ethnic story of the vibrant African-American community in Portland in the early 1900s and the successes and challenges of its residents. The exhibit – featuring six panels and a soundtrack– can be seen and heard by the public on both sides of the Golden West Building, 707 NW Everett at Broadway.
The exhibit celebrates the rich history of the Golden West, the former center of Portland's African-American social and business life in the first decades of the twentieth century. Primary funding for this project was from a Vision into Action grant by the City of Portland. Additional support provided by the Oregon Council for the Humanities. Other funders include Central City Concern and SERA Architects (in-kind).
Cuarator: Dr. Jacqueline Peterson-Loomis
Sound Designer and Producer: Michael Gandsey, T2 Audio, Inc.
Graphic Design: Ildiko Toth, SERA Architects, Inc.
Historical Consultants: Cathy Galbraith, Architectural Heritage Center, Inc.
Dr. Darrell Millner, Portland State University.
Advisory Committee Members: Nicole Allen, Billy Anfield, Will Bennett, Michael Chappie Grice, Bill Hart
When Black entrepreneur W.D. Allen launched the Golden West Hotel in 1906, Portland was booming. The completion of the transcontinental railroad, the opening of Union Station and the Lewis and Clark Centennial Fair triggered a flood of visitors and workers to the city's bustling North End. The Golden West was designed to serve the Black railway porters, cooks, barbers and waiters recruited by the major railroads. It provided "all the conveniences of home" for Black workers denied accommodation in Portland's white owned hotels, and was a center of African American social life until the hotel's closure in 1931.
Patrons could get a haircut and a shave at Waldo Bogle's Barbershop, sweets at A.G. Green's ice cream parlor and candy shop, and relax in George Moore's Golden West Athletic Club featuring a Turkish bath and gymnasium. In its heyday, the Golden West provided an overnight home for prominent black entertainers, athletes, and civic leaders such as Illinois Congressman Oscar DePriest and labor organizer A. Philip Randolph. Some even "retired" there, including Portland Advocate newspaper founder and famous Portland Hotel "hat check man," E.D. Cannady.
The Golden West Hotel closed in 1931, a victim of the national economic Depression. The "New Golden West Hotel" opened in 1933 but closed in 1935. Other closures plagued the hotel until 1943, when it reopened as the Broadmoor Hotel, surviving until 1984 as low cost housing. Through the efforts of the building's present owner, Central City Concern, and with the assistance of the Portland Development Commission, the building has been rehabilitated and the name restored to recognize the Golden West Hotel's significant role in the history of Portland.
"[My grandfather] saw there was this Black community that mainly worked for the railroad and there was no place for the Blacks to stay. In 1905 he purchased a building and in 1906 opened up the Golden West which was the largest Black-owned hotel west of the Mississippi."
- Anthony Allen